Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense (R.E. Davis et al.)
Significance: 'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense' is causing commercial potato (Solanum tuberosum) crops in New Zealand to exhibit symptoms similar to those of zebra chip. Symptoms include upward rolling and purpling of the leaves (Liefting et al., 2009). Present in Australia and New Zealand (Liefting et al., 2009), with additional reports from Bolivia (Jones et al., 2005), and Israel (Gera et al., 2005), this is the first report of ‘Ca. Phytoplasma australiense’ affecting potatoes (Liefting et al., 2009). The impact that this infection will have on commercial production of potatoes is unclear at this time.
Beever, R. E., G. A. Wood, M. T. Andersen, S. R. Pennycook, P. W. Sutherland, and R. L. S. Forster. 2004. “Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense” in Coprosma robusta in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 42:663–675.
CABI. 2007. Crop Protection Compendium. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau International (CABI), Wallingford, UK.
Gera, A., M. Mawassi, M. Zeidan, S. Spiegel, and M. Bar-Joseph. 2005. An isolate of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense' group associated with Nivun-Haamir-Die Back disease of papaya in Israel. New Disease Reports 11. Accessed August 14, 2009: http://www.bspp.org.uk/publications/new-disease-reports/july2005/2005-26.asp
Habili, N., N. Farrokhi, and J. W. Randles. 2006. First detection of Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense in Liquidambar styraciflua in Australia. New Disease Reports 14. Accessed August 14, 2009: http://www.bspp.org.uk/publications/new-disease-reports/jan2007/2006-62.asp
Jones, P., Y. Arocha, O. Antesana, E. Montilliano, and P. Franco. 2005. First report of an isolate of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense' associated with a yellow leaf roll disease of peach (Prunus persicae) in Bolivia. New Disease Reports 11. Accessed August 14, 2009: http://www.bspp.org.uk/publications/new-disease-reports/july2005/2005-24.asp
Liefting, L. W., S. Veerakone, L. I. Ward, and G. R. G. Clover. 2009. First Report of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense’ in Potato. Plant Disease 93(9):969.
Saqib, M., M. G. K. Jones, and R. A. C. Jones. 2006. ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense’ is associated with diseases of red clover and paddy melon in south-west Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology 35:283-285.